Mrs. C. Seidler, revised by Mrs E.Peper
OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD
: Watch, Companion and Family Dog.
: Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer, Molossoid breeds, Swiss Mountain
and Cattle Dogs and other breeds.
Section 2.2 Molossoid
breeds, Mountain type.
Without working trial.
: At the end of the thirties, beginning of the forties of the 19th
century, Heinrich Essig, town Councillor in Leonberg near Stuttgart,
crossed a black and white Newfoundland bitch with a so-called “Barry”
male from the monastery hospice Grand St.Bernhard. Later a Pyrenean
Mountain Dog was added. This resulted in very large dogs with
predominantly long, white coats. Essig’s aim was for a lion-like
dog. The lion is the heraldic animal of the city of Leonberg.
first dogs really called “Leonbergers” were born in 1846. They
combined the excellent qualities of the breeds from which they
a short time later, many of these dogs were sold as status symbols
from Leonberg all over the world. At the end of the 19th
century, the Leonberger was kept in Baden-Württemberg as the
preferred farm dog. His watch and draft abilities were much praised.
both World Wars and the needy post war times, the numbers of breeding
stock reduced dramatically. Today the Leonberger is an excellent
family dog which fulfills all the demands of modern life.
: According to his original purpose, the Leonberger is a large,
strong, muscular yet elegant dog. He is distinguished by his
balanced build and confident calmness, yet with quite lively
temperament. Males, in particular, are powerful and strong.
: Height at the withers to length of body : 9 to 10. The depth of
chest is nearly 50% of the height at withers.
: As a family dog, the Leonberger is an agreeable partner for present
day dwelling and living conditions, who can be taken anywhere without
difficulty and is distinguished by his marked friendliness towards
children. He is neither shy nor aggressive. As a companion, he is
agreeable, obedient and fearless in all situations of life.
following are particular requirements of steady temperament :
assurance and superior composure.
temperament (including playfulness).
to be submissive.
capacity for learning and remembering.
: On the whole deeper than broad and elongated rather than stocky.
Proportion of length of muzzle to length of skull: about 1 to 1.
Skin close fitting all over, no wrinkles.
: In profile and seen from the front, slightly arched. In balance
with body and limbs, it is strong but not heavy. The skull at its
back part is not substantially broader than near the eyes.
: Clearly recognisable but moderately defined.
: Rather long, never running to a point; nasal bridge of even
breadth, never dipped, rather slightly arched (roman nose).
: Close fitting, black, corners of lips closed.
: Strong jaws with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, the
upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth without any gap, and
teeth set square to the jaw with 42 sound teeth according to the
dentition formula (missing M3 tolerated). Pincer bite is accepted;
no constriction at the canines in the lower jaw.
: Only slightly developed.
: Light brown to as dark brown as possible, medium size, oval,
neither deep set, nor protruding, neither too close together nor too
wide apart. Eyelids close fitting, not showing any conjunctiva. The
white of the eye (the visible part of the sclera) not reddened.
: Set on high and not far back, pendant, of medium size, hanging
close to the head, fleshy.
: Running in a slight curve without break to the withers. Somewhat
long rather than stocky, without throatiness or dewlap.
: Pronounced, specially in males.
: Firm, straight, broad.
: Broad, strong, well muscled.
: Broad, relatively long, gently rounded, flowing to merge with tail
set on; never overbuilt.
: Broad, deep, reaching at least to the level of the elbows. Not too
barrel shaped, more oval.
: Only slightly tucked up.
: Very well furnished; while standing, it hangs down straight; also
in movement it is only slightly curved and if at all possible should
not be carried above the prolongation of the topline.
: Very strong, specially in males.
: Forelegs straight, parallel and not too close.
/ Upper arm
: Long, sloping, forming a not too blunt angle, well muscled.
: Close to the body.
: Strong, firm; seen from the front, straight; almost vertical, seen
from the side.
: Straight (turning neither in nor out), rounded, tight, toes well
arched; black pads.
: Seen from the rear, position of the hind legs not too close,
parallel. Hocks and feet : turned neither in nor out.
: Rather long, slanting, strongly muscled. Upper and lower thigh
form a distinct angle.
: Strong, distinct angle between lower thigh and rear pastern.
: Standing straight, only slightly longish. Toes arched, pads black.
: Ground covering even movement in all gaits. Extending well in front
with good drive from the hindquarters. Seen from front and behind
the limbs move in a straight line when walking or trotting.
: Medium soft to coarse, profusely long, close fitting, never
parted, with the shape of the whole body be visible despite the thick
undercoat. Straight, slight wave still permitted; forming a mane on
neck and chest, specially in males; distinct feathering on front legs
and ample breeches on hind legs.
: Lion yellow, red, reddish brown, also sandy (pale yellow, cream
coloured) and all combinations in between, always with a black mask.
Black hair tips are permitted; however, black must not determine the
dog’s basic colour.
up of the basic colour on the underside of the tail, the mane, the
feathering on the front legs and the breeches on the hind legs must
not be so pronounced as to interfere with the harmony of the main
colour. A small white patch or stripe on the chest and white hairs
on the toes are tolerated.
at the withers
Dogs 72 to 80 cm
(recommended average 76 cm).
Bitches 65 to 75 cm
(recommended average 70 cm).
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault
and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be
in exact proportion to its degree.
or aggressive dogs.
anatomical faults (i.e. pronounced cow hocks, pronounced roach back,
bad swayback; front feet turning out extremely. Totally
insufficient angulation of shoulder, elbow, stifle or hock joints.
strong lack of pigment in lips.
of teeth (with the exception of M3). Over- or undershot or other
faults in mouth.
without any brown.
ring tail or too highly curled up tail.
or strong curls.
colours (brown with brown nose and brown pads; black and tan; black;
silver; wild-coat colour).
lack of mask.
much white (reaching from toes onto pasterns), white on chest larger
than palm of hand, white in other places).
dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be
: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully
descended into the scrotum.